Name: Liu Kecheng,
Year of birth: born in 1963,
Work unit: Graduated from the Department of Architecture of Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology in 1984 and stayed on to teach.
He is currently a professor and dean of the School of Architecture of Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, director of the Architectural Heritage Working Group of the Asia-Australia Association of the International Architects Association, director of the DOCOMOMO China Working Group, and representative of the International Commission for the Protection of Heritage and the Chinese Committee of the Warrior Science Committee.
Engaged in work: mainly engaged in cultural heritage protection, museum architectural design. In 2006, he was selected as the "national candidate for the 100 million talent project in the new century." In 2012, he was selected as one of the 100 architects in contemporary China.
▲ 富平国际陶艺博物馆群主馆，法国馆0097 // Fuping international Ceramics Museum Group Main Building, French Pavilion 0097
Due to its special historical process, the Loess Plateau has formed a kind of earthy landscape with thick and thick gullies. The Pottery Museum is located in the countryside, surrounded by fruit trees, farmland and tombs. The scenery varies from season to year. I hope that the museum will invade, do not break the original landscape logic of the land, avoid the colonization of the city buildings to the countryside, but do not want to simply copy the traditional village buildings. Therefore, the building must be subordinated to the texture of the land, close to the land, and integrated into the rural landscape of the base.
The building itself should be a modern ceramic work.
What I am most obsessed with in pottery is the hole in the pottery utensils. The holes stretch in the direction of the line, and the light is reflected from an unknown place, giving people a kind of delusion, a kind of wonder, and different scenery can be seen outside the hole. Imagine a field mouse or ant crossing a hole and having fun in the field.
The use of brick arches in museums is both accidental and inevitable. One day, I chatted with a construction worker. He told me that the farmers in Fuping are best at building brick arches. Many rural houses are brick kilns, and the arch span can reach up to 10 meters. I overthrew the previous idea, spent a few nights drawing a few sketches, and then found two white radishes in the hotel kitchen, asked the chef to evenly cut into pieces, recombined, and completed the main hall model.
▲ 西安世界园艺博览会灞上风情服务区 // Xi'an World Horticultural Exposition
The World Expo’s Shangshang Service Area is located to the east of the World Expo, facing the main entrance of the World Expo, across the tower from the Weihe River in the east, and the landmark of the World Garden Association, the hills where the Chang'an Tower is located. . The base is a natural undulating forest land with a small stream running through it, and the natural environment is good.
"Like Heaven and Earth" - Chinese Environmental Image
"Outoral scenery" - the dream of Chinese people's life
"New Quadrangle" - the small universe of Chinese life
"New materials for old materials" - walls that will breathe
The design concept of the service area is derived from the enlightenment of the base. Chinese philosophy pays attention to "the heaven and the earth, the land legal person, the human law, the Tao law and nature". The wisdom of China emphasizes "taking advantage of the situation", the Chinese realm pursues "the unity of heaven and man", and the ancient Chang'an construction reflects such oriental thoughts. Han Chang'an City It symbolizes the Milky Way with the water, and symbolizes the stars with the palace and the tomb. It creates the grand pattern of the unity of heaven and man and the image of heaven. The stream and its topography of the base of the Shangshang service area coincides with the image of “Tianhan”. For this reason, the designer is like a heavenly land, surrounded by streams—the Milky Way. All buildings are arranged in a constellation manner, which is maintained according to local conditions. The ups and downs of the original natural environment of the base have inherited the great tradition of ancient Chang'an and highlighted the theme of the Xi'an World Expo “Heaven and Man, Creative and Natural”. The method of heaven and earth is not only reflected in the architectural layout. The lighting design and greening design around the Shangri-style service area also adopts the astrological layout. If you look at it at night, you will find that the lights in the courtyard are also like stars, along with buildings and streams. Make up a complete star map.
▲ 贾平凹文学艺术馆 // Jia Pingwa Literature and Art Museum
Jia Pingwa Literature and Art Museum chose to rebuild an old building built in the 1970s. The original building is a brick-concrete structure with two floors above and below, and three floors in total. The overall layout is unremarkable, but it is located in the historical part of the campus and is one of the school's historic buildings.
We believe that this museum should inherit the legacy of the school in the 1970s and continue it; it should maintain the authenticity of the 1970s and refuse to whitewash; it should legalize the old building and combine it with new functions to give it a new upgrade and give it new Vitality. Therefore, we have established a principle that the building should retain its appearance and characteristics in the 1970s after the renovation. Here, history and reality should be a dialogue, not a relationship.
The original revelation of the design came from the sun. After many live experiences, the designers found that for this dull and unpretentious building, the hope of light and shadow is its most attractive feature. From 6:00 am to 19:00 pm, taking a picture every hour and then playing it continuously, you can see an interesting change in the volume made up of shadows. Light and shadow is the soul hidden in this building. So the architect chose light and shadow as the focus of the design, adding a tortuous gallery to the southeast of the original building. The shape of the light gallery comes from the superposition of the building's light and shadow 24 hours a day, and it also symbolizes the rolling hills and villages of Jia Ping's hometown. At that time, the light flowed, the long shadow formed by the light gallery, crossed the wall of the old building, stroked the writer's verses engraved on the wall, climbed the bookshelves - light and shadow, new windows and old walls, breeze and green trees, the city and The country, literature and art, time and space, weaving a rich image, a poetic character of literature.
▲ 西安大唐西市博物馆 // Xi'an Datang West City Museum
Xi'an Datang West City Museum was built on the site of the former city of Chang'an City, Chang'an City. The project includes the protection of the cross street ruins of the Chang'an City in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the cultural relics unearthed in the West City, the historical and cultural display of the Silk Road and related auxiliary content.
The West City Site is the starting point and important symbol of the Sui and Tang Dynasties Silk Road, and one of the important cultural heritages of the “Silk Road” trade exchange. As the starting point and material carrier of the Silk Road, Xi’an Datang West City Museum will play an important role in the joint declaration of the World Cultural Heritage work of the five Silk Road countries.
On the basis of effectively protecting the roads, stone bridges, ditches and buildings in the west of Sui and Tang Dynasties, the architectural design creatively protects and displays the crossroads of the West Cross Street and the original road pattern, scale and scale of the Sui and Tang Dynasties through rational layout. Atmosphere. Use the new regional architectural language to interpret the history of Datang West City, set off and display the cultural relics and site environment, provide a variety of perspectives for people to understand and understand cultural relics; express the uniqueness of commercial museums, and express the uniqueness of the western city and private collections. Combining the development trend of domestic and foreign museums, giving the sites and cultural relics a new vitality, teaching and learning, combining the functions of the urban living room and the starting point of the Silk Road, cultural activities and leisure exhibitions to promote the sustainable development of the museum.
During the completion and construction of the building, it was highly praised by the leaders of the International Council of Monuments and Sites, leading experts from the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and construction experts. Michel Pesset, chairman of the International Council on Monuments and Sites, pointed out that Datang West is the starting point of the Silk Road. It is not only Chinese but also the world. The Datang West City Museum provides a successful example of the protection of Chinese cultural heritage.
some of the works
- Design of the Museum of the Qin Dynasty Emperor's Mausoleum
- Design of the Museum of the Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum
- Xi'an Beilin Stone Carving Art Museum Design
- Xi'an Datang West City Museum Design
- Xi'an Hanyang Mausoleum Mausoleum Waikengkeng Site Museum Design
- Xi'an Beilin Museum new hall design
- Sichuan Jiannan Chungu Wine Cellar Site Museum Design
- Xi'an Starbucks flagship store design
- Xi'an Tang Daming Palace National Heritage Park planning and design
- Shougang Museum Architectural Design
- Nanjing China Imperial Examination System Museum Design
- Nanjing Jinling Art Museum design
- Design of Jia Pingwa Literature and Art Museum
- Xi'an historical and cultural city protection planning
- Fuping International Ceramics Museum Design